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Agro Rajasthan – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (born: 2 October 1869 – died: 30 January 1948), also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He was a pioneer in the resistance to tyranny through Satyagraha (massive civil disobedience), his concept based on the principle of total nonviolence led to the Indian Independence Movement and to the civil rights and freedom movement of people throughout the world. Inspired for The general public in the world knows him by the name of Mahatma Gandhi. In Sanskrit language, Mahatma or great soul is a word indicating respect. Gandhi was first addressed as Mahatma by Rajvaidya Jivaram Kalidas in 1915. According to another opinion, Swami Shraddhanand had given the title of Mahatma in 1915, the third opinion is that Guru Rabindranath Tagore had given the title of Mahatma. In one of his articles on 12 April 1919. He is also remembered as Bapu (बापु Bapu meaning father in Gujarati language) According to one opinion, the first person to address Gandhiji as Bapu was the disciple of his Sabarmati Ashram. Subhash Chandra Bose, in a broadcast in the name of Gandhiji from Rangoon Radio on 6 July 1944, addressed him as the Father of the Nation and praised him for the soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj. Had sought blessings and good wishes. Every year, his birthday on 2 October is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India and as International Day of Non-Violence throughout the world.

Gandhiji first started doing Satyagraha as an expatriate lawyer to fight for the civil rights of the people of the Indian community in South Africa. He returned to India in 1915. After that he united the farmers, laborers and urban workers here to raise their voice against excessive land tax and discrimination. After assuming the reins of the Indian National Congress in 1921, he worked for the relief of poverty across the country, expansion of women’s rights, religious and Run many programs against untouchability for building caste unity and self-reliance. Among all these, the program of attaining Swaraj, which gave freedom from foreign rule, was the most important one. Gandhiji gained special fame through the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and the subsequent Quit India Movement in 1942 in protest against the salt tax imposed on Indians by the British government. He also had to remain in prison for several years on various occasions in South Africa and India Gandhiji followed non-violence and truth in all circumstances and advocated for everyone to follow them. He spent his life in the Sabarmati Ashram and wore the traditional Indian attire of dhoti and a shawl made of cotton which he himself spun by hand on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food and observed long fasts for self-purification. Trimohini Sangam is also one of the 12 banks on which the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi were immersed on 12 February 1948.

On the occasion of 154th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, several leaders including PM Modi paid tribute to the father of nation at the Rajghat. 

Mahatma Gandhi played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence and spearheaded several movements that eventually helped free India from colonial rule. Mahatma Gandhi, fondly called Bapu, has left an indelible impression on the life of many. 

He is regarded as the Father of the Nation who showcased the power of non-violence to the world and vehemently opposed bloodshed.

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Alpesh Khokhar

Alpesh Khokhar

🚀 Founder of JaneRajasthan 🌟 Passionate about Culture & Rural Development 🌾 Bringing you the latest updates in the world of Rajasthan 🌿 Committed to sustainable growth and community empowerment 📍 Based in the heart of Rajasthan, India 🇮🇳

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